Icon Akimov 102.731 «Holy Martyr Tatiana. Prayer»
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- Silver (925). Gilding (999).
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The Holy Martyr Tatiana was born in the first half of the 3rd century into a noble Roman family. Her parents were Christians and raised a daughter devoted to God and the Church. Having reached adulthood, Tatiana did not marry, and devoted all her strength to serving the Church, taking the rank of deaconess in one of the Roman temples. Before the spread of monasticism, such an order existed in the ancient Christian Church. Deaconesses were elected among maidens and widows and helped around the church, served at the baptism of women, were engaged in the distribution of alms and caring for the sick in the community.
In 222, sixteen-year-old Alexander Sever ascended the throne in Rome. The young emperor relied on the support of the famous Roman jurist Domitius Ulpian, a statesman and patriot. But precisely when the best people of Rome came to rule the state, the position of Christians deteriorated. The fact is that in Rome, religiosity, although it was superficial and ceremonial, was closely intertwined with the idea of statehood. Educated people considered it necessary to support the ancient religion, since they believed that the cult of Rome and the emperors was the basis of the political stability of the state. The guarantee of the citizen's reliability was his participation in the rituals established by law. What he thinks at the same time did not have any legal significance. Christians refused to worship statues of gods and worship emperors even formally. They only agreed to pray for the emperor. But from the point of view of Roman law, this was not enough. Therefore, Christians were tried as political criminals, for whom the most severe punishments were provided.
Like many Christians, the martyr Tatiana was brought to trial and brought to the temple of Apollo, inviting her to offer the due sacrifice. But instead, the saint began to pray. Suddenly there was an earthquake, the idol was blown to pieces, and part of the temple collapsed and crushed the priests. The demon inhabiting the idol fled with a cry, while everyone saw a shadow sweeping through the air. The incident caused horror among the people, and the saint was accused of magic. For witchcraft and magic, according to Roman law, torture, burning at the stake or being torn apart by beasts were relied on. They began to beat the holy virgin, gouged out her eyes. But she bravely endured torture and, like the Lord on the Cross, prayed for her executioners. And a miracle happened. The executioners suddenly saw four angels who surrounded the maiden and deflected blows from her. Eight executioners believed in Christ and fell at the feet of the saint, asking for forgiveness of their sins. For professing to be Christians, they were immediately executed, having received Baptism in blood.
The next day Tatiana was tortured again, but instead of blood milk flowed out of the wounds, and a fragrance spread in the air. The saint's torturers shouted that someone invisible was beating them themselves with iron rods. They threw the saint into prison and the next day they began to torture again. Seeing that the torture did not harm her, the judges were finally convinced that Saint Tatiana was a witch, and condemned her to be devoured by beasts. The martyr was taken to the circus and released into the arena of a hungry lion. But the beast, instead of rushing at the girl, began to meekly lick her legs. Then Tatiana was thrown into the fire, but the fire did not harm the martyr either. To deprive the sorceress of her magical power, the pagans cut off the martyr's hair and locked her in the temple of Zeus. On the third day, opening the temple, the priests and soldiers saw the idol cast to the ground and the praying holy martyr Tatiana. Then the courageous sufferer was beheaded with a sword. Her father was executed along with her.
The memory of the holy Martyr Tatiana and all Christians who suffered with her is celebrated by the Church on January 25 (12). On this day in 1755 in Moscow on the initiative of M.V. Lomonosov, the first state university in Russia was founded. Since then, the Martyr Tatiana has been revered in Russia as the patroness of students.
On the reverse side of the icon is the text of the prayer to the martyr Tatiana: "Holy saint of God Tatiana, pray to God for me, a sinner."
A miniature icon can be worn as an independent product, or you can supplement it with an enamel pendant called a tsata. This is a semicircle ornament, traditional for Ancient Russia, which is hung from icons and crosses. Our tsats are made of stained glass enamel in different colors. Stained glass enamel is one of the most sophisticated and sophisticated techniques of artistic enameling, which appeared in Russia at the end of the 19th century. It differs from ordinary cloisonné enamel by the absence of a substrate, due to which it acquires transparency and the ability to transmit light, beautifully refracting it.